Hall M, van der Esch M, Hinman RS, Peat G, de Zwart A, Quicke JG, Runhaar J, Knoop J, van der Leeden M, de Rooij M, Meulenbelt I, Vliet Vlieland T, Lems WF, Holden MA, Foster NE, Bennell KL. | Osteoarthritis Cartilage | 2021 Sep 29 | S1063-4584(21)00915-8. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2021.09.010.
Hip and knee osteoarthritis are leading causes of global disability. Most research to date has focused on the knee, with results often extrapolated to the hip, and this extends to treatment recommendations in clinical guidelines. Extrapolating results from research on knee OA may limit our understanding of disease characteristics specific to hip OA, thereby constraining development and implementation of effective treatments. This review highlights differences between hip and knee OA with respect to prevalence, prognosis, epigenetics, pathophysiology, anatomical and biomechanical factors, clinical presentation, pain and non-surgical treatment recommendations and management.
Keywords: Exercise; Hip osteoarthritis; Knee osteoarthritis; Non-surgical treatments.